People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at risk of developing a rare condition called “overlap syndrome.” It occurs when you have both COPD and another lung disease, such as asthma, at the same time.
Because overlap syndrome is so uncommon, few people are aware of it or know how to manage it if they get it. If you have been diagnosed with both asthma and COPD, this guide will help you understand what these diseases mean for your long-term health and what you can do to manage them simultaneously.
Read on to learn more about overlap syndrome, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and effective treatments for each condition individually as well as in combination.
What Is COPD?
COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It refers to a group of lung diseases that cause airflow obstruction. It’s a long-term disease that affects your lungs. You can develop COPD from smoking tobacco or breathing in other harmful substances.
It can also be inherited or caused by your environment, like exposure to dust or chemical fumes.
COPD can cause your airways to narrow, making it harder to breathe. This is because your lungs have built up extra tissue that causes “obstructions” and makes it difficult to bring in and out air.
As a result, you may struggle to do everyday activities like exercise, climb stairs, or even walk a short distance.
COPD is the third most common cause of death, after heart disease and cancer. It’s also the leading cause of disability, especially among people between the ages of 40 and 80.
COPD causes major changes in the way your body works, and it can shorten your lifespan by 10 to 15 years. It’s important to start treatment as soon as you notice symptoms and to seek support if you feel like you need help managing the condition.
What is Asthma?
Asthma is a long-term inflammatory disease that affects your lungs. Like COPD, it is triggered by the narrowing of airways.
But asthma is an autoimmune condition that is typically caused by allergies or irritants like dust, smoke, or chemicals. Symptoms of asthma include difficulty breathing, wheezing, and coughing.
While asthma is a common childhood disease, it can also affect adults. If left untreated, it can become severe or even life-threatening.
While most people can control their symptoms with medication, some people may need to take therapy like Pulmonary Rehabilitation to deal with severe symptoms (called acute asthma).
Overlap Syndrome Symptoms
The symptoms of respiratory diseases like COPD and asthma can vary quite a bit from person to person. It’s possible to have both diseases at the same time. This combination is called overlap syndrome.
In general, if you have COPD with symptoms like shortness of breath and frequent coughing, you may have asthma as well. If you have asthma and some symptoms like wheezing or trouble breathing, it’s likely that you also have COPD.
Symptoms of overlap syndrome include: – Shortness of breath, especially during exercise. – Wheezing. – Trouble sleeping because of shortness of breath or wheezing. – Feeling tired all the time, even when resting. – Bloated abdomen from the extra fluid in your lower lungs. – Dry cough and coughing up phlegm. – Feeling depressed about your breathing problems.
Diagnosing Overlap Syndrome
Doctors often misdiagnose COPD as asthma because the symptoms are similar.
If your doctor suspects you have overlap syndrome, you will likely undergo a series of tests to determine your level of lung function and the degree to which your airways are inflamed.
Many people with COPD also have asthma, and some people with asthma also have COPD. This overlap can make it difficult to diagnose these two conditions separately. But the overlap syndrome diagnosis can help you get the right treatment for both conditions.
The most common tests for both COPD and asthma include spirometry, CT scans, and pulmonary function tests. These tests can help your doctor determine whether you have COPD or asthma. They can also determine the severity of each condition.
A pulmonary function test (PFT) can help you and your doctor understand the severity of your COPD as well as your asthma symptoms. A PFT can also determine when you need to use your medication.
Managing the Condition
COPD and asthma can each be debilitating diseases. While there is no known cure for these conditions, there are a number of treatments available to help manage the symptoms effectively.Here are some things you can do to help manage these conditions:
Practise Good Hygiene – Maintain a regular hygiene routine to prevent infection and promote healing. This includes washing your hands and keeping your nails short to prevent infections.
Stay Hydrated – Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and prevent infection.
Avoid Caffeine – Caffeine can cause dehydration, especially in larger doses.
Stay Active – While engaging in physical activity will depend on your condition, keeping active is important for your overall health and well-being.
Practice Breathing Exercises – Breathing exercises not only help you gain back your lung function but also help in your mental well being.
Get enough Rest – Rest when you need to, especially if you are experiencing pain or fatigue.
Stay Positive – Stay positive and work towards your goals. While this may be challenging, it can help you cope with the impact of your disease, as well as any other stressors in your life.
Depending on how severe your overlap syndrome is, you might need treatment for both COPD and asthma.
If you have mild symptoms from both conditions, you might not need treatment. But if your symptoms are severe, you will likely need treatment for both COPD and asthma.
COPD and asthma have different treatment options, but there are also some treatment options that treat both conditions at the same time. These combination treatments have become available in recent years, making it easier to treat both conditions at once.
You and your doctor can decide which treatments are best for you. Treatments include:
- Medicines. Both COPD and asthma are treated with medicines. COPD medicines help open your airways and reduce inflammation. Asthma medicines reduce inflammation in the airways and help you breathe more easily. Some asthma medicines can also help reduce inflammation in the airways and improve lung function.
- Immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that helps reduce the symptoms of allergies. It is used both to treat COPD and asthma.
- Pulmonary Rehab. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are designed to treat the underlying causes of respiratory conditions, as well as their symptoms.This includes both COPD and Asthma.
COPD and asthma are serious conditions that can have a negative impact on your health. While there is no cure for these conditions, there are effective treatments available for controlling the symptoms.
It’s important to see your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis for your symptoms and rule out other conditions.
If you have COPD and asthma, it’s important to manage your symptoms and take care of your health so that you can live with these conditions and thrive.